# son_manipulator – Manipulators that can edit SON documents as they are saved or retrieved¶

Manipulators that can edit SON objects as they enter and exit a database.

New manipulators should be defined as subclasses of SONManipulator and can be installed on a database by calling pymongo.database.Database.add_son_manipulator.

## AutoReference¶

class pymongo.son_manipulator.AutoReference(db)

Transparently reference and de-reference already saved embedded objects.

This manipulator should probably only be used when the NamespaceInjector is also being used, otherwise it doesn’t make too much sense - documents can only be auto-referenced if they have an _ns field.

transform_incoming(son, collection)

Replace embedded documents with DBRefs.

transform_outgoing(son, collection)

Replace DBRefs with embedded documents.

will_copy()

We need to copy so the user’s document doesn’t get transformed refs.

## NamespaceInjector¶

class pymongo.son_manipulator.NamespaceInjector

A son manipulator that adds the _ns field.

transform_incoming(son, collection)

Add the _ns field to the incoming object

## ObjectIdInjector¶

class pymongo.son_manipulator.ObjectIdInjector

A son manipulator that adds the _id field if it is missing.

transform_incoming(son, collection)

Add an _id field if it is missing.

## ObjectIdShuffler¶

class pymongo.son_manipulator.ObjectIdShuffler

A son manipulator that moves _id to the first position.

transform_incoming(son, collection)

Move _id to the front if it’s there.

will_copy()

We need to copy to be sure that we are dealing with SON, not a dict.

## SONManipulator¶

class pymongo.son_manipulator.SONManipulator

A base son manipulator.

This manipulator just saves and restores objects without changing them.

transform_incoming(son, collection)

Manipulate an incoming SON object.

• son - the SON object to be inserted into the database
• collection - the collection the object is being inserted into
transform_outgoing(son, collection)

Manipulate an outgoing SON object.

will_copy()